Optimization of Microwave Sol–Gel Synthesis of N-Ce-AC/TiO2 for Adsorption/Photodegradation of Tetracycline

Rahman, Nur Athirah Awatif Abdul and Khasri, Azduwin and Salleh, Noor Hasyierah Mohd and Jamir, Mohd Ridzuan Mohd and Ansar, Sabah and Boopathy, Raj and Syafiuddin, Achmad (2023) Optimization of Microwave Sol–Gel Synthesis of N-Ce-AC/TiO2 for Adsorption/Photodegradation of Tetracycline. Desalination and Water Treatment: Science and Engineering, 303. pp. 151-159. ISSN 1944-3986

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Official URL: https://www.deswater.com/DWT_abstracts/vol_303/303...


Nitrogen (N) and cerium (Ce) co-doped titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) supported activated carbon (AC) (N-Ce-AC/TiO2 ) were synthesized to remove antibiotic tetracycline from aqueous solution via adsorp- tion and photodegradation. The sol–gel technique, aided by microwave radiation, was used to syn- thesize N-Ce-AC/TiO 2 . Central composite design under response surface methodology was used to optimize the variables comprising urea (N source) (A: 0.02–0.20 g), cerium(III) nitrate hexahydrate (Ce source) (B: 0.02–0.20 g), activated carbon (C: 0.10–0.50 g), and microwave power (D: 600–800 W), where the degradation of tetracycline was the response. Characterization of the produced cata- lyst was carried out by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy-disper- sive X-ray spectroscopy, and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller method for determining surface-texture parameters. N-Ce-AC/TiO 2 prepared with 0.50 g activated carbon, doped with 0.02 g urea and 0.20 g cerium, and activated at microwave power 600 W for 15 min exhibited 91.08% tetracycline removal when subjected to 7 W of UV irradiation, according to the results of optimal variable preparation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated carbon; Adsorption; Microwave radiation; Photodegradation
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Program Study of Public Health
Depositing User: Mr. . Bagas
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2024 03:41
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2024 03:41
URI: http://repository.unusa.ac.id/id/eprint/10717

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