Relationships between Lead Contaminated Seafood Consumption and Blood Pressure among Fisherman Communities at the Makassar Coastal Areas, Indonesia

Mallongi, Anwar and Birawida, Agus Bintara and Apollo, . and Muhith, Abdul and Jastal, . (2018) Relationships between Lead Contaminated Seafood Consumption and Blood Pressure among Fisherman Communities at the Makassar Coastal Areas, Indonesia. Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 12 (4). pp. 186-191. ISSN 0973-5674

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Abstract

Background: Lead contaminated coastal areas have been widely studied in many cities both in high-income countries and in some developing countries. However, the related health disturbance outcomes due to the lead seafood consumption have not been well documented particularly in low and middle income countries such as in Indonesia particularly in Makassar city where no data available. This research aimed to investigate the relationships between lead seafood consumption, blood lead level (BLL), and blood pressure (BP) and the hypertension in the community-based study site of coastal areas Makassar city, Indonesia. Method: The number of respondents within this study was 35 adults male that randomly selected, and voluntary base. All respondent sign an inform consent without any force before involved in the research. Information of education, family income, lifestyle, occupational, dietary, smoking habit was gathered by administered household questionnaire interview. Then, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured as well as the BLL were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry technique. In order to assess the relationships between BLL with SBP and DBP, with the hypertension possibility, multiple linier and logistic regressions were applied. Results: Pb levels in blood averaging of 27.6 μgr/dL with standard deviation 17,56 whereas the minimum value 2 and maximum value 89. In addition, the mean of systolic blood pressure 144.6, standard deviation was 17,56, minimum value was 89 mmHg and value maximum 123 mmHg, mean diastolic blood pressure 84.2, standard deviation 12.37, and the minimum value 54 mmHg and a maximum value of 154 mmHg. Chi square test resulted that there is a relationship between blood pressure and the level of lead in the blood, with p value was 0.01 significant. Conclusion: The Blood lead level was positively associated with diastolic blood pressure and with the odds for hypertension in adults aged 40 or older. It is necessary to have a monitoring of lead exposure among the fishery communities along the Makassar coastal area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Contaminated coastal, seafood consumption, blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, diastolic and blood pressure
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC31-1245 Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery > Program Study of Nursing Magister
Depositing User: Mr. . Adit
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2020 08:33
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2021 03:40
URI: http://repository.unusa.ac.id/id/eprint/5854

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